Prof. Pompili receives the 2012 DARPA Young Faculty Award

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ECE Assistant Professor Dario Pompili received the 2012 DARPA Young Faculty Award (YFA) for his work on vital signs processing in mobile computing grids. The award amount is $300K over two years. The abstract of the project is give below.

Prof. Pompili received the ONR Young Investigator Award earlier in 2012, and the NSF Career award in 2011.

Project Title: "Towards Real-time Vital Sign Data Processing in Mobile Computing Grids for Advanced Operational Neuroscience,"

The objective of this research is to enable complex real-time information processing (using inherently compute-intensive models) for advanced operational neuroscience, which is aimed at extracting and analyzing neuro/physiological parameters from vital signs "in-vivo" to gain valuable knowledge about the psychophysiological condition of an individual as well as a team of soldiers. In order to achieve this objective, computational capabilities of mobile devices such as personal digital assistants and tactical computers carried by soldiers as well as remote computing cyber-infrastructure capabilities are federated together to form a mobile computing grid.

The scientific/technical merit of this project consists in: 1) enabling advanced operational neuroscience through real-time in-vivo vital-sign and sensor-data processing; 2) deriving situational context pertaining to individuals and teams through complex in-network processing of GPS as well as kinematic, biomedical, and ambient sensors; 3) generating real-time and actionable knowledge about soldiers' psychophysiological condition; and 4) imparting robustness to the mobile computing grid against network disconnectivity, mobility, and computational resource uncertainty due to operation in high-risk environments.

The impact of the project on the Department of Defense capabilities includes application of the knowledge extracted from the aforementioned neuro-cognitive analysis 1) to estimate extent of fatigue as well as mental stress, and to associate it with the current and past activities/experiences of the soldiers; 2) to assess the adaptability of individuals and the team to high-stress environments; and 3) to infer the overall physical fitness levels and team performance. Other potential defense applications are: i) teamwork and team-dynamics assessment for critical missions through neuro-cognitive analysis under situational context on the field in real time; ii) rapid localization of internal hemorrhage (internal bleeding) sites in the aftermath of injuries.