ECE Undergraduate Research Opportunity


For more information regarding undergraduate research opportunities please contact


       Prof. Shantenu Jha
       email: shantenu.jha @ rutgers.edu
       office: CoRE 705



Information on Aresty Research Programs



Showcase of ECE Undergraduate Research Projects

"Methods of Blind Signal Separation" by Derek Gordon with Professor and Chair Athina Petropulu

My research is in the field of blind signal separation (BSS), the goal of which is to recover a broadcasted signal after it has been altered by its environment, with limited knowledge of how the environment affects the signal. The methods of BSS can be applied to many forms of communication, including sounds and images.

My project involves the development of methods of BSS. I program simulations to test the effectiveness of a particular algorithm, and then refine it as I gather more information about how signals are altered and come across new mathematical tools.

“An Automatic Identification and Monitoring System for Coral Reef Fish” by Edward Pavoni, Andrew Rapport, Serena Tsang, Lev Barinov, Jigesh Baxi, James Bibby and Prof. Joseph Wilder (Rutgers), Prof. Gareth Russell (NJIT).

To help gauge the health of ecosystems on coral reefs, we developed a proof-of-concept prototype of an underwater camera module to automatically census coral reef fish populations. Recognition challenges include pose and lighting variations, complicated backgrounds, within-species color variations and small within-family differences between species (Fig. 1). During an early stage of the program, seniors Lev Barinov, Jigesh Baxi, and James Bibby carried out a project involving an epipolar analysis for the special case two cameras at a 45 degree angle looking through the ½” thick polycarbonate walls of an aquarium to determine the depth, and pose of free-swimming fish and disambiguate overlapping fish. At a later stage of the program, when a fully submersible prototype was tested at the New York Aquaium (Fig. 2) Edward Pavoni, Andrew Rapport, and Serena Tsang, carried out a Capstone project involving analysis of similar species that could be confused when overall shape and color features were insufficient for distinguishing them from each other. Using localalized pattern and color features within the similar species improved the recognition rate significantly. During the course of the project ECE graduate students Chetan Tonde and Ganesh Sundar helped in mentoring the undergraduate researchers. All of these students are listed as co-authors in a paper to be delivered in August at the SPIE "Applications of Digital Image Processing XXXV" conference in August, 2012.

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"Smart Scheduling of Weekly Activities on Mobile Phones" by Seetha Annamraju and Prof. Janne Lindqvist

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The objective of this project was to create a mobile application hat will intelligently decide the most efficient order of tasks one should complete based on user requirements. Seetha first implemented a basic Android application to understand the accuracy of location services and how to best present information to the user. Server-side computations were made to easily group a list of tasks and provide the most efficient order and location for these services. Seetha used the Google Places API and Google Directions API to make the calculations.

Seetha Annamraju graduated with a Bachelor's degree in ECE with the class of 2012. Seetha worked with Prof. Janne Lindqvist since Fall 2011. During fall 2012, Seetha will start studies towards a Master's degree at Carnegie Mellon's Information Networking institute in Mobility.

"Long-Term Hand Tele-Rehabilitation on the PlayStation 3: Benefits and Challenges" by Richard Pellosie and Prof. Grigore Burdea

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Tele-rehabilitation is the provision of therapy at a distance, for example for patients living in rural areas. A young victim of severe trauma to the head trained on custom video games he payed on a PlayStation 3 while wearing a sensing glove. The technology developed at Rutgers allowed monitoring of progress (finger range of motion increase, speed of finger flexing, cumulative exercise time) from the Institute in New Jersey, while the patient was exercising at home in Indiana. Richard analyzed the game data so to extract objective values based on measures of glove sensitivity and repeatability.

Subsequently he graphed the data, which more clearly visualized progress over the 6 months of home therapy. Finally Richards findings were included in the paper "Long-Term Hand Tele-Rehabilitation on the PlayStation 3: Benefits and Challenges," Burdea G, Jain A, Rabin B, Pellosie R and Golomb G, 33rd Annual International Conference of the IEEE EMBS, pp. 1835-1838, 2011.

"Engineering a Testing Framework for Distributed Applications" by Klesti Muco and Prof. Shantenu Jha

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The design and development of fault-tolerant and resilient distributed applications and systems is a challenging undertaking. Multiple factors contribute to the challenges, including (i) heterogeneity of distributed systems, (ii) inconsistent middleware semantics and capabilities and (iii) large number of possible dynamical configurations. It is important that distributed applications have resilience against each of these attributes.

In this project, we will design and implement tests to guard against deployment and runtime errors of system middleware. Specifically we will enable the reliable deployment of SAGA-Python (Bliss) for a range of NSF funded infrastructure -- XSEDE and FutureGrid systems.

"Studies on layered cloud federation platform" by Aditya Devarakonda and Prof. Manish Parashar

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Over the past year, Aditya has been exploring various aspects of virtualization and cloud computing. He developed
a layered cloud federation platform to provide BLAST-as-a-service, and is focused on developing delegation and
federation policies for cloud platforms and deploying virtual machine images of CloudBlast, a Hadoop
implementation of BLAST. He also explored the viability of scientific computing in an HPC-Cloud environment
provided by FutureGrid and deployed the Weather Research Forecasting (WRF), IPARS Oil Reservoir Simulator and the
Hadoop BLAST application on FutureGrid. He is currently working on developing an asynchronous replica exchange
algorithm for protein docking and drug design on heterogeneous federated cloud infrastructure integrating public
clouds with NSF XSEDE, OSG and DOE platforms, and is exploring methods for optimizing asynchronous communication
in such an environment.

"GRAIL" by Jonathan Chiu and Prof. Richard Martin

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Ubiquitous computing is the notion of having computers blend into the background and being able to perform computations using information that is gathered from an environment without a lot of user interaction. Different sensor technologies such as WiFi and RFID are widely available that can help us gather information about an environment. This information can then be used in ubiquitous computing. Other systems have been developed to use these technologies but have not been successful in providing a platform for application development. GRAIL provides an infrastructure that converts raw sensor data such as signal strength and on/off states to real-world properties, such as temperature and location, which developers with little experience can use to build ubiquitous computing applications.

I created several applications using the GRAIL system in order to evaluate the usability of the system and its potential as a platform for developers to use to easily create ubiquitous applications.

Jonathan Chiu is in the Class of 2012 and is pursuing a major in ECE and a minor in Computer Science. He has presented at the Aresty Undergraduate Research Symposium in 2011 and 2012 and has been working under Dr. Martin since Fall 2010.

"Studies on effectiveness of the JADE algorithm" by Theresa Lye and Prof. Athina Petropulu

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Blind signal separation is the process of separating signals from one another by observing only their mixtures. This procedure can be applied to image and sound processing, communications, and to biomedical signals such as EEG signals.

There are various methods of accomplishing blind signal separation. Independent component analysis (ICA) is one method that exploits the non-Gaussianity of independent signals. The JADE algorithm is an implementation of ICA based on the joint diagonalization of matrices.

I tested the effectiveness of the JADE algorithm on various types of signals and developed a method intended to correct the permutation and amplitude ambiguity present in ICA. I also attempted to window non-stationary signals into stationary parts so that the signals may be properly separated by the JADE algorithm.

Theresa Lye is in the Class of 2013 and is pursuing a major in ECE and a minor in Computer Science. She has been working under Dr. Petropulu since Fall 2010

"Studies on the size of binary MWBE sequence sets" John Marcus and Prof. Predrag Spasojevic

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We studied the efficient, simultaneous communication of many users/devices sharing a common frequency spectrum. Modern radio communication relies on assigning unique signals to users. Short signals allow efficient transmission. Large sets of signals allow many users at once. Sets of signals with low cross-correlation minimize interference among transmissions. Our work was to better describe the tradeoff among these goals. For a given signal length, we found a bound on the size of signal sets which are interference-optimal according to the Welch Bound, and for large sets we found a tighter bound on interference.

Marcus, J.; Budisin S.; Spasojevic, P.;
"On the size of binary MWBE sequence sets," Modeling and Optimization in Mobile, Ad Hoc and Wireless Networks (WiOpt), 2011 International Symposium on , vol., no., pp.374, 9-13 May 2011
doi: 10.1109/WIOPT.2011.5930045

John Marcus is a Class of 2012 double major in ECE and Mathematics. He has studied coding theory and communications under Professor Spasojevic since Summer 2010, presented a paper at WiOpt in May 2011, and is continuing research in the field.




Current Research Opportunities


Undergraduate Research Opportunities are coordinated by Prof. Jha.    Interested students should contact Prof. Jha with any questions via email at: shantenu.jha @ rutgers.edu


  1. Prof. Dario Pompili
    • Project:
      The focus of this project is to implement an Android application for mobile grid computing. The expected role of candidates is to collect real-time data from different Android devices, and process and visualize them. A picture below is the sample application for the final product.

      Cellphone-pic

      Please find the link below for more information about the mobile grid applications.
      http://nsfcac.rutgers.edu/cps/projects/uncertainty-aware-resource-provisioning-mobile-computing-grids-real-time-situ-data

      Requirements:

      1. Good Android programming skills (e.g., UI, network). Good understanding of real-time systems
      2. GPA above 3.0, or interviewed by the faculty

      Compensation: $10/hour

      Start Date/ Hours per Week: June 1, 2013, 25 hrs/week, 10 weeks

      Status: Available


  2. Prof. Dario Pompili
    • Project:
      The project focus is to create a team of underwater vehicles that will swarm and take measurements for water quality monitoring. Some work has already been done on this project by students who have graduated in May 2012. A picture of the vehicle we are working on (the Neptune) can be found below.

      Neptune

      Skills:

      1. Some skills that might come in handy are familiarity with Linux, Arduino, and Python. Knowledge of circuitry and basic hobby-type hardware is also a plus.

      2. GPA above 3.5, or interviewed by the faculty

      Compensation: $10/hour

      Start Date/ Hours per Week: June 1, 2013, 25 hrs/week, 10 weeks

      Status: Available

  3. Prof. Athina Petropulu
    • Project:

      Using blind source separation ideas to separate the vibration signatures of trucks passing over a bridge based on recordings of sensors placed on the bridge.

      Skills
      Knowledge of Matlab and a good math background

  4. Prof. Yicheng Lu
    • Projects:
      1. ZnO materials characterization
      2. ZnO devices fabrication and testing
      3. Biosensors and biochips

      Skills:

      1. Completed the Electronic Devices and Electronic Devices Lab
      2. GPA above 3.5, or interviewed the faculty

      Compensation:To be determined

      Start Date/ Hours per week: Flexible

      Status: Available

  5. Prof. Deborah Silver
    • Project #1

      Scientific Visualization - helping develop software to process, manage and visualize real-time data from fluid dynamics simulation and oceanographic observation systems.

      Skills: Good programming background

      Status: Available

  6. Prof. Deborah Silver
    • Project #2

      Applied Research - multiple opportunities for those interested in Makerspaces & Technology Entrepreneurship.

      Status: Available

  7. Prof. Christopher Rose
    • Project 1:

      Description: Principles of Communications Systems is an undergraduate ECE course in which students learn the basics of analog and digital information transfer. The key component of the course is an introduction to the concepts of Gaussian signaling and signal space. The student will help the instructor develop a set of pared down, student-friendly, web-accessible notes as well as various interactive web-based (and perhaps simple physical) demonstrations of signaling concepts.

      Skills: Successful completion (B or better) of 332:226 (Probability and Random Processes) and 332:322 (Principles of Communication Systems)

      Compensation: $10/hour

      Status: Unavailable Summer & Fall 2013 due to Sabbatical leave

  8. Prof. Christopher Rose
    • Project 2:

      Description: Components of multi-element systems are often described as being in communication with one another. Almost invariably, however, the description is an analogy rather than a precisely formulated relationship between element states. In this project the student will help explore various simple linear and non-linear systems under a communication theory lens, both analytically and through numerical analysis.

      Skills: Successful completion of 332:226 (Probability and Random Processes) and 332:322 (Principles of Communication Systems). Linear algebra and familiarity with numerical math packages (e.g. MATLAB, Maple, Mathematica) very useful

      Compensation: $10/hour

      Status: Unavailable Summer & Fall 2013 due to Sabbatical leave

  9. Prof. Marco Gruteser
    • Project:

      Circuit design and demonstration apps for a visual MIMO localization system.

      Skills: Circuit design and Java programming

      Status: Position Filled

  10. Prof. Marco Gruteser
    • Project:

      Implementation and performance characterization of a visual MIMO transceiver using on-off keying.

      Skills: Arduino and C programming

      Status: Position Filled

  11. Prof. Grigore Burdea
    • Description: Position open for an undergraduate sophomore or junior interested in virtual reality research.


      Skills: Knowledge of Unity 3D programming language and of input/output devices (especially the Novint Falcon haptic interface).

      Compensation: $10/hour

      Start Date: Immediately

      Status: Position Filled